Content, Context, Users, and Inclusive Design (PowerPoint, 5 Mb, 43 slides)

Intro to Digital Accessibility for Kent State University’s user experience design program (PowerPoint, 8.5 Mb, 61 slides)

The handouts are as follows:

You can also check out the rest of this website. Perhaps you’d like to learn more about digital accessibility?

Here is an introductory presentation from UX Akron on May 23, 2018 (PowerPoint, 5.3 Mb, 56 slides), and thanks to UX Akron there is also a video recording of the intro presentation (YouTube, 57 minutes 27 seconds).


These references are roughly in the order they appear in the presentations.

May, Matt. “The Same, But Different: Breaking Down Accessibility, Universality, and Inclusion in Design.” (2018, April 2.) Adobe Blog.

Brault, Matthew. “Americans with disabilities: 2010. (Report number P70-131)” (2012, July.) United States Census Bureau. Retrieved from

Tognazzini, Bruce. “Inclusive Design, part 1, with some shocking revelations about your future.” (2009, April). Ask Tog on Nielsen Norman Group. Retrieved from

World Health Organization. “World report on disability.” (2011). World Health Organization. Retrieved from

Microsoft Design. “Inclusive design at Microsoft.” (2016.) Microsoft. Retrieved from

“ADA Title III lawsuits increase by 16% in 2017 largely due to website access lawsuits.” (2018, February 1). Seyfarth Shaw LLP. Retrieved from

Brault, Matthew. “Americans with disabilities: 2010. (Report number P70-131)” (2012, July) United States Census Bureau. Retrieved from

Groves, Karl. “List of web accessibility-related litigation and settlements.” (2017). Karl Groves’s blog. Retrieved from

“Measuring the Information Society Report 2017.” (2017). International Telecommunications Union. Retrieved from

“Retail website performance.” (2006, June 1). Jupiter Research. Retrieved from

“World report on disability.” (2011). World Health Organization. Retrieved from

“ADA and the Internet Legal Update”, CSUN 2018 Assistive Technology Conference, March 23, 2018. Kristina Launey – Seyfarth Shaw LLP; Tim Springer – Level Access

Hendren, Sarah. “All technology is assistive.” (2014, October 16.) Medium Backchannel. Retrieved from



Worldwide Web Consortium. “Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0” (2008, December 11.) Web Accessibility Initiative. Retrieved from

Web Accessibility Initiative,

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines Quick Reference,

WebAIM WCAG checklist,

Viget’s interactive WCAG,

Groves, Karl. “Everything you know about accessibility testing is wrong.”

Karl Groves of Tenon wrote an article on choosing an automated accessibility testing tool (2013, January 28). has a similar article titled “How can I select a Web accessibility software tool?”

Marcy Sutton, an Angular core team member, has a presentation on the magic of automated accessibility testing (2015).

CSS Tricks covers a few tools in an article by Chris Coyier (2017, December 14).

eBay has the cleverly named OATMEAL (Open Accessibility Testing Method for Experts And Layfolk) that goes through how they do their testing.

Vox Media publishes a checklist for QA teams. It’s basic but a decent starting point.

Duke University testing checklist.

Elle Waters, “Lean Accessibility”, Level Access webinar, 31 July 2018.

WAVE tool:

Vital Accessibility Design Principles. Dashiel Neimark. (2018, April 30.) UX Matters. Adapting UX design principles for accessibility and inclusivity.

Designing for Our Future Selves. Paul Woodley. (2018, April 11.) Medium. Introduces an age-inclusive design heuristic: Attitude, Body, Cognition, Diversity.

(Vilhauer article series)

(Woodley article)

Inclusive Usability Testing (Slideshare, 68 slides). Adrian Roselli. (2018, April). Covers the additional setup and procedures you will need for usability testing with people with disabilities.

Tips for Conducting Usability Studies with Participants with Disabilities. Peter McNally. (2018, March 12). Smashing Magazine. He shares his lessons learned from real-world usability testing.

Swallow, David. “Including People with Disabilities in Design.” 2018 August 7. The Paciello Group. Retrieved from

Early prevention of accessibility issues, by Aidan Tierney. (2016, October 29; SlideShare.) Covers how a11y annotations can be made on wireframes. (

Designing wireframes keeping accessibility guidelines in mind. (2013, July 1; UX Stack Exchange.) Scroll down to read the responses from Henny Swan (a leading accessibility expert) and Matt Obee. (

Stop Designing for Only 85% of Users: Nailing Accessibility in Design, by Tom Graham and Andre Goncalves. (2017 October 23.) Smashing Magazine. (

Placeholder research:

Fellowes, Adam. “The rise of the carousel.” (2012, August 10.) Adam Fellowes’ blog.

Goward, Chris. “Rotating offers: The scourge of home page design.” (2011, October 13.) Wider Funnel.

Nielsen, Jakob. “Auto-Forwarding Carousels and Accordions Annoy Users and Reduce Visibility.” (2013, January 19.) Nielsen Norman Group.

Runyon, Eirk. “Carousel Interaction Stats – June 2013 Update.” (2013, July 8.)

Lauke, Patrick. “An introduction to Accessible Rich Internet Applications”. (2018, May 15.) The Paciello Group. Retrieved from

WAI-ARIA Authoring Practices,

Sutton, Marcy. “Start Building Accessible Web Applications Today”.,

Udacity and Google course,–ud891

Lembrée, Dennis. “Web Accessibility Training for Developers”. (2018, May 9.) INDATA. Retrieved from

(You can also find the 5-hour-long presentation at the same link.)

Walden, Alison. “Accessible Development Resources”. (2016, February 21.)

Ten things (not on the W3C websites) to learn more about and to use.

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Name Dropping

  • Steve Faulkner (TPG, Technical Director)
  • Léonie Watson (TPG, Director of Communications)
  • Henny Swan (TPG, author)
  • Heydon Pickering (consultant)
  • Dennis Lembrée (consultant; Deque; WebAxe)
  • Jennie Lay-Flurrie (Microsoft, Chief Accessibility Officer)
  • Karl Groves (consultant, Tenon founder)
  • Adrian Roselli (consultant)
  • Lainey Feingold (lawyer, author)
  • David Berman (consultant)